- FAQ Thermography Article
- 1. Thermography: A preventive screening tool for breast health
By Erika Horowitz, ND, MSOM
Breast cancer is the second-leading cause of death among women, behind lung cancer. According to the American Cancer Association, in 2007 an estimated 178,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among women, as well as an estimated 62,030 additional cases of in situ breast cancer. In addition, approximately 40,460 women are expected to have died from breast cancer in 2007 (American Cancer Association, n.d.). Epidemiological studies estimate that one in eight women will develop breast cancer during their lifetimes.
Moreover, one in five women with breast cancer will die of the disease, despite the considerable advances in treatment (Keyserlingk, 1998). Given these circumstances, early detection of breast cancer is considered an important prognostic factor. There is general consensus that earlier detection of breast cancer can improve survival rates, resulting in a 30%-40% reduction in deaths from breast cancer within 10 years from detection (Roebuck, 1986). Adoption of screening programs has been based on the premise that early detection leads to early treatment, which leads to better survival rates...
- 2. The Best Breast Test: The Promise of Thermography
By: Christiane Northrup, MD
Every year when Breast Cancer Awareness Month (October) comes around I am saddened and surprised that thermography hasn't become more popular. Part of this is my mindset. I'd rather focus on breast health and ways to prevent breast cancer at the cellular level than put the emphasis on testing and retesting until you finally do find something to poke, prod, cut out, or radiate. I understand that mammography has been the gold standard for years. Doctors are the most familiar with this test, and many believe that a mammogram is the best test for detecting breast cancer early. But it's not. Studies show that a thermogram identifies precancerous or cancerous cells earlier, produces unambiguous results (which cuts down on additional testing), and doesn't hurt the body. Isn't this what women really want?...
- 3. IACT A Review of Breast Thermolgraphy
By William C. Amalu, DC, DIACT (B), FIACT
The first recorded use of thermobiological diagnostics can be found in the writings of Hippocrates around 480 B.C.. A mud slurry spread over the patient was observed for areas that would dry first and was thought to indicate underlying organ pathology. Since this time, continued research and clinical observations proved that certain temperatures related to the human body were indeed indicative of normal and abnormal physiologic processes. In the 1950's, military research into infrared monitoring systems for night time troop movements ushered in a new era in thermal diagnostics. The first use of diagnostic thermography came in 1957 when R. Lawson discovered that the skin temperature over a cancer in the breast was higher than that of normal tissue.
- 4. Effectiveness of a Noninvasive Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging System in the Detection of Breast Cancer
Digital infrared thermal imaging (DITI) is a noninvasive, non-contact system of recording body temperature by measuring infrared radiation emitted by the body surface. This technology was originally designed for US military use in night vision but also has many applications in medicine. Its use in the field of medical oncology lies in the fact that tumors generally have an increase in blood supply and angiogenesis, as well as an increased metabolic rate, which in turn translates into increased temperature gradients compared to surrounding normal tissue. Detecting these infrared "hotspots" and gradients can thereby help to identify and diagnose malignancy.
- 5. Breast Thermography: Can It Open a Window for Breast Cancer Prevention?
by: Erik L. Goldman
Ifs radiation-free, non-invasive, FDA-approved, relatively inexpensive, and detects early, potentially reversible physiological changes associated with later development of breast cancer. So, why isn't breast thermography a routine part of women's health practice?
If really ought to be, say a growing number of physicians who are re-discovering this long-overlooked imaging method. Advocates say it's a technology whose time has come, not so much as a substitute for mammography, but as a method of identifying tissue which tumors are more likely to emerge...
- 6. About Breast Thermography
By: Philip Getson, DO & Liesha Getson, CTT
The American Cancer Society's (ACS) statistics on breast cancer are shocking Every three minutes, in the United States alone, another woman is diagnosed with this dreaded disease, which annually claims the lives of more than 40,000 women.
With the incidences of breast cancer on the rise, and prevention now considered more valuable than cure, women are beginning to educate themselves on the option of including a thermogram in their annual checkup. This little known tool for risk assessment measures thermal emissions emanating from the body, a key indicator of health. Available here in the U.S, since the 1960's, it was approved in 1982 as an adjunct to mammography...
- 7. Breast Screenings: Data and Decisions 101
This is an excerpt of an article in 4Wholeness.com
Another way to produce images of the breast for study is by using thermography — a form of infrared imaging that produces a picture of the breast that maps temperature variations. On his website, Dr. Philip Getson describes this technology: "Medical thermography uses infrared technology to provide an image of the body's physiological responses. By detecting thermal asymmetry or by noting alterations of the vascular patterns, the physician now has more information with which to make an assessment of breast, neurological and other conditions." Certified Clinical Thermographer Catherine Johnson further explained that such imaging shows temperature differences that can correlate with various types of abnormalities, of which malignancy could be one...
Dr. Getson explained that while a mammogram study shows us how the breast looks, the thermogram creates a picture of the way it works. He describes thermography as a "breast health risk assessment tool."...
As with mammography, ask about the credentials of both who performs the test and who reads it. Dr. Getson emphasized that the test should be performed by a board certified or board eligible technician and it should be interpreted by a licensed health care provider...
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